Short Term Memory: holds a limited amount of information for a limited amount of time. The brain categorises this information into ‘discard or forget’, ‘use it right away’ or ‘store this information’.
Working Memory: an active, limited capacity memory system that holds information for a short time while a task is being performed.
Automatic Memory: enables familiar or known facts to be remembered quickly such as naming colours and letters, reading sight words.
Long Term Memory: ‘cements’ information so it can be used over hours, days or a lifetime.
Kincaid, D.M. & Trautman, N. Remembering: Teaching Students How to Retain and Mentally Manipulate Information. Chapter in Meltzer, L. (2010) Promoting Executive Function in the Classroom. The Guildford Press, New York.