Self-monitoring is the process of checking your own performance and outcome. During self-monitoring the student reviews their progress towards their goal, evaluates the outcome and redirects their effort if needed.
Some self-monitoring strategies include:
Sage Bagnato, J & Meltzer, L (2010) Self-Monitoring and Self-Checking; The Cornerstone of Independent Learning. In Meltzer Promoting Executive Function in the Classroom. The Guildford Press: New York.