The brain is made up of millions of nerve cells called neurons. These cells generate electrical impulses and messages to produce thoughts, feelings, movement and control body functions.
A seizure happens when the normal alternating pattern of these impulses is disrupted, causing the impulses to rapidly fire all at once.
Depending on the type of seizure, this can cause changes in:
- sensation and feeling
- awareness and consciousness
- or movement
Seizures vary greatly and can be very brief or last up to two or three minutes. Most seizures are over in less than two minutes. Some seizures are severe and some very subtle.
Not all seizures are considered epilepsy.
Regions of the brain
The brain is divided into two halves, left and right, called hemispheres. The right hemisphere controls the left side of the body and left hemisphere controls the right. Each hemisphere has four lobes.
The largest structure of the brain is the cerebrum and contains lobes including frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes. It is the centre of intellect, memory, language and consciousness, receiving and interpreting sensory information and controlling movement.
The frontal lobes are considered our emotional control centre and home to our personality. They are involved in motor function (movement), problem solving, spontaneity, memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social and sexual behaviour.
The parietal lobes are involved with touch, temperature and pain perception (sensation), awareness of the body and where it is in space.
The temporal lobes are involved in language, speech, hearing, memory, personality and behaviour.
The occipital lobes are primarily responsible for vision
The brain stem is the stem-like part of the base of the brain that is connected to the spinal cord. It controls the flow of messages between the brain and the rest of the body, and also controls basic body functions such as breathing, swallowing, heart rate, blood pressure, consciousness, and whether one is awake or sleepy.
The cerebellum is responsible for co-ordination, and maintaining of posture, muscle tone, and balance.
If you want to know more about the brain and its functions, go to: