Females with epilepsy face some different issues than males with epilepsy.
Female hormones can influence the frequency and severity of seizures at times of change like during puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause.
Although hormones generally do not cause seizures, they can influence their occurrence. Oestrogen excites the brain cells and can make seizures more likely to happen, whereas progesterone may inhibit the brain cells preventing seizures in some women.
There has also been research showing that seizures can change the output of hormones from the brain and hormones can influence how the brain works.
Between 30% to 50% of females with epilepsy report menstrual cycle-related seizures.
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