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Ketogenic Diet -  This is a high fat, normal protein, and low carbohydrate diet used to treat seizures. It is mostly used with children. The diet is based on ketosis, a change in the body’s metabolic state in which the body burns primarily fat, not sugar, for energy. Calories and liquid intake are strictly limited and, to work, the diet must be carefully and individually calculated and rigidly controlled.
Ketosis -  is when the body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns stored fats instead; this results in a build-up of acids called ketones within the body.