cannabinoids - Any chemical compound of cannabis or marijuana
Carbamazepine - Commonly known as Tegretol or Teril. It is an antiepileptic drug and can also be used for nerve pain.
Catamenial epilepsy - Used to describe seizures in women that are exacerbated or occur exclusively in association with menstruation.
Cataplexy - A brief attack of sudden weakness which can cause falling or head nodding. It is often triggered by an emotional response and is associated with a sleep disorder called narcolepsy.
Cerebrum - Refers to the largest part of the brain – it is divided into two hemispheres and four main lobes. The right side controls what happens on the left side of the body and vice versa.
Chromosome - One of 46 bodies in the nucleus of all body cells that is the bearer of genes.
Chronic epilepsy - When seizures are resistant to medical management and seizure control is not obtained.
chronic health condition - A long lasting health condition that usually can be controlled and not cured
circumstances - A condition or fact that affects a situation
Clobazam - Also known as Frisium, is sometimes used in the treatment of epilepsy. It is also used as an anti-anxiety medication.
Clonazepam - Also known as Rivotril or Paxam. It can be used in the management of epilepsy, but has a sedative effect and people develop a tolerance, needing higher doses. It is frequently used in the management of acute prolonged or clusters of seizures (status epilepticus)
Clonic seizure - The rhythmic jerking of an extremity or of the whole body.
Cluster - a number of seizures happening in close succession
Cognition - Mental activities associated with thinking, learning and memory.
Cognitive - the mental processes associated with learning such as thinking, memory, concentration, reasoning and judgement.
collaboratively - Two or more individuals or groups working together.
Comorbidity - Having two or more unrelated diseases.
compensate - To counterbalance or reduce the effects of the loss of function or performance.
Complex partial seizure - See focal seizure.
condition - The physical and mental state of the body or one of its parts, e.g. he has a heart condition; he had a medical condition.
Convulsion - Is an older term used for a tonic-clonic seizure (‘grand mal’, fit and turn are also terms).
Corpus Callosum - The major structure of nerve fibres connecting the two hemispheres of the brain.
Cortex - The outer surface of the brain – the grey matter.
CT or CAT Scan - Computerised Axial Tomography. Uses x-rays and computer analysis to produce images of the brain for diagnostic uses.