Glossary

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Barbiturate -  Family of medications with a sedative effect, occasionally used in epilepsy to prevent seizures. The most common is Phenobarbital. Adverse side effects and reactions make this a less preferable choice for epilepsy.
Benign -  A word frequently used to indicate that a disease process is mild or non-malignant. It usually indicates a favourable outcome.
Benign Focal Epilepsy of Childhood -  Older terms include Rolandic epilepsy or Sylvian fissure epilepsy. An epilepsy syndrome seen in children. It is characterised by focalaware seizures during sleep involving sensation changes around the face and tongue, gurgling noises may be heard by the parents and focal jerking of facial muscles is often seen. These sometimes progress into a tonic clonic seizure. There is a typical EEG, seizures are usually infrequent, often not requiring medication. The condition is usually outgrown during puberty.
Benzodiazepine -  Family of sedative medications including Diazepam (Valium), Clonazepam (Rivotril), Clobazam (Frisium), Midazolam (Hypnovel) and Lorazepam (Ativan) which can be used as anticonvulsants. Some are used often in acute situations such as prolonged seizures or clusters of seizures (status epilepticus). The sedative effect and increased brain tolerance levels limit their usefulness in long term therapy.
big picture -  The whole story or a complete view of something.
Bilateral -  on both sides
biological -  Relating to living organisms, toxins or disease.
bloodstream -  The blood circulating through the body
Brainstem -  Is situated at the base of the brain and connects the brain with the spinal cord. It controls many functions including breathing and heart-rate, reflexes and level of alertness.